About the Dashboard
The EV Jobs Hub provides actionable information on electric vehicle (EV) manufacturing and employment trends. The Hub contains a wealth of data on EV manufacturing at the facility level, including investments in the assembly of various vehicle classes, manufacturing of vehicle components, battery production, battery recycling, and EV charging manufacturing. Investment data is coupled with information on federal funding programs and incentives, subsidies, and classifications for disadvantaged communities and congressional districts. It also includes the announced jobs for a facility, and their unionization status. The Hub aggregates this information in an easy-to-use dashboard to help users quickly find the information they need.
How Can I Use This Dashboard?
The dashboard is organized into two tabs: Overview and Analysis. Navigation between the two tabs is controlled by the two buttons on top of the dashboard. The entire dashboard is interactive, and users are encouraged to click around. Clicking on a specific part of a chart or graph will filter that section of the dashboard accordingly. For example, clicking on a circle on the EV Manufacturing Facilities map will filter the table below it to show the relevant investment(s). To un-filter, simply click somewhere else within the map. Or make use of the “Reset View” button at the top of the page.
The data behind this dashboard can be filtered in many ways. There is a yellow filter pane on the right side of this dashboard to help users find an exact data point. Users can apply one or many filters at the same time by expanding the pane, setting the desired filter, and clicking “Apply filter.” Some charts and maps have additional help text that can be seen by hovering over the (?) icon on the top right side of the charts. The data behind these charts and maps can be exported by clicking on the three horizontal dots at the top right of the data visual, clicking “Export data,” and clicking the green “Export” button.
The Overview tab provides a high-level summary of EV manufacturing facilities. This includes a handful of top line metrics, followed by recently announced investments into EV manufacturing, several maps highlighting different aspects of the impact these facilities have, and a detailed summary table of investments associated with each facility.
There are five maps that provide different insights into the facilities. These can be seen by clicking on the related buttons: Manufacturing Focus (default view), Disadvantaged Communities, State and Local Subsidy Amount, Existing Union Status, and Congressional Districts. Note that the sizes of the circles correspond to different variables in these charts. If a facility has multiple manufacturing focuses (the facility produces different components or classes of vehicles), there will be multiple circles for that facility on the Manufacturing Focus view.
The Analysis tab goes deeper into the data by highlighting trends. This tab has several filters on top that function similarly to the yellow filter pane and can be used in conjunction. They are followed by charts that can dynamically display either announced EV jobs (default), announced EV investment, or subsidy amount. Simply click on the desired button and the charts below will display that data. Hovering over the elements of the charts (e.g., state or chart bar) will display more detailed information in the tooltip.
The bottom section of the Analysis tab provides insight into federal funding and employment by congressional district. These charts do not interact with the rest of the page, though they are impacted by the filter pane.
Underlying Data and Assumptions
The core data powering this dashboard is investment announcements from EV and EV-related component manufacturers. This data is forward-looking and could change materially by the time a facility begins production. The data is collected by monitoring press releases and news outlets. As a result, the data is forward-looking and may change materially by the time a facility begins production. Data collection commenced in 2023 and is an ongoing effort. If a facility was opened and closed before data collection began in Q2 2023, then it will not be included in the data.
In addition to the core announcement data, this dashboard brings together other datasets such as the Good Jobs First Subsidy Tracker to inform state and local subsidies provided to companies. It also utilizes the manufacturing facility address to bring in public data such as disadvantaged communities and congressional districts. Lastly, unionization data was collected by reviewing Notices to Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) of Upcoming Collective Bargaining (form F7) and credible press releases. A facility is only included in the dataset once the state where it will be sited is announced.
The data described above is aggregated at different levels. Several assumptions were made in combining these disparate data sources and users are encouraged to read the “Data Collection Methodology” and “Data Fields” sections below to get a better understanding of these assumptions.
Data Collection Methodology
The EV Jobs Hubs brings together valuable, disparate information related to investment and jobs in EV manufacturing. Our methodology, described below, provides users with important background on the ways in which the data was collected and categorized and key parameters for the data.
What is the scope of the data collected here?
The dashboard tracks EV manufacturing facilities located in the United States (a facility is only included if at least the state is known). This dashboard covers the assembly of electric vehicles, EV charging, EV battery manufacturing and recycling, and other vehicle parts tied to EV-focused investment announcements. This includes on road vehicles only. That said, if a facility manufactures vehicles or components in both an EV-specific supply chain and one of the excluded supply chains, it is still included in the dashboard. In such cases, only investment and jobs data known to be associated with that facility’s EV-specific operations are displayed.
Additionally, data related to critical minerals extraction or processing, research and development facilities, or company headquarters is out of scope. That said, if a facility engages in critical minerals extraction or processing but also manufactures EV batteries and related components that might include those minerals, it is still included in the dashboard. In such cases, investment and jobs data known to be associated with that facility’s extraction/processing operations are not displayed.
How often is the data updated?
The data is updated at least weekly, and subscribers to our mailing list will receive an email every two weeks containing the latest additions to the dashboard, any original analysis, and a summary of important news developments. For facilities with existing announcements that have surfaced new information related to an expansion or update, a new investment announcement entry will appear on the dashboard. Expansions and updates will reflect additive properties (i.e., a new entry for increased production capacity will reflect the incrementally increased number and not the total capacity now available at the facility).
What are the data sources?
Data is sourced through original research derived from reporting and primary sources and crosschecked with available National Lab and U.S. Department of Energy reports. Sources for the announcement are linked on the dashboard. Facility address data is sourced through government records and original research. Subsidy data is drawn from the Good Jobs First Subsidy Tracker. For information about a data source, get in touch at email@example.com.
How are jobs and investments tallied?
The core data of this dashboard is made up of individual, facility-level announcements related to estimated investments and jobs. These figures are announcements and so may change as projects evolve or are canceled. Additional announcements are recorded in cases where any data point increases or decreases. For example, a facility may announce a decrease in its production capacity from its first announcement. This change would be displayed as a new row of data in the summary table. An announcement with negative numbers on the dashboard refers to a reduction in expected or actualized jobs, investment and/or capacity numbers.
The sum of data across all announcements for a facility will be displayed on all visuals, not as separate data points. These changes are included in the dashboard so that users can view both the original and revised figures. Charts and visuals aggregate data by facility location to account for all announcements at that facility. For example, there are multiple announcements for the Toyota North Carolina Battery Plant in the summary table, but the map aggregates all announcements into a single data point.
How are Joint Ventures tracked?
When a joint venture (JV) is announced, the investment, jobs, and production capacity are split between the companies, and recorded as two announcements. Jobs, investment, and production capacity estimates are divided equally unless the data source indicates otherwise.
How are ranges handled in the data?
If a range is provided for jobs, investments, or production capacity, the midpoint of that range is used. In the case that a company provides a minimum, for instance, “at least 100 jobs”, we record 100 jobs.
What are the key performance indicators (KPIs) shown?
At the top of the Dashboard, there are six KPIs:
- Total Facilities: All facilities surfaced on the dashboard.
- Announced EV Investment: All private-led funding announced for the facilities surfaced on the dashboard.
- Announced EV Jobs: All manufacturing jobs announced for the facilities surfaced on the dashboard.
- Jobs in Disadvantaged Communities: The proportion of announced jobs in disadvantaged communities, as defined by Climate & Economic Justice Screening Tool (CEJST), where address data is available.
- Existing Jobs at Unionized Facilities: The proportion of unionized manufacturing workers for all operational facilities. This metric includes all facilities for which there is evidence of unionization for manufacturing employees as a percentage of all facilities that were anticipated to open in the current calendar year or years prior.
- State and Local Subsidy: All state and local subsidies that are linked to an EV announcement for a facility surfaced on the dashboard.
The EV Jobs Hub makes all the data collected available for your use under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This section describes each data field in the dashboard and its source.
Investment data refers to the total a company has announced it will invest in a manufacturing facility. The announced investment may include state and federal incentives (i.e. tax incentives or grants) provided to the private manufacturer after they have committed the self-reported amount. This data point only reflects the investment specifically for EV or EV-related component manufacturing at the facility. For example, investments for a facility starting to produce EV motors will be counted, but not investments for producing components outside the scope of the manufacturing focus and component category (see sections labeled “Manufacturing Sector” and “Component Category”). In the case that a company’s announcement does not contain investment data, we record the available information and leave the investment field blank. Where a company does not specify the amount invested but there is a record of federal grants for the facility, that total is recorded instead.
Job numbers reflect the announced permanent jobs dedicated to EV or EV-related component manufacturing at an announced facility. Indirect and temporary job numbers are not included in the dataset. This data point only relates to EV-specific manufacturing at the facility (i.e. we do not count investment at the same facility to produce other outputs or a company headquarters for instance). In the case that we are not able to attribute the output for EV and EV-related component manufacturing at a facility with an announced investment, no jobs number is recorded.
Facilities have a status indicating if there is good evidence, some evidence, or no evidence of an existing union. The focus of this data category is on manufacturing. Good evidence indicates that there are at least two credible press releases and/or an FMCS F-7 record of the union’s existence at a given facility within the last five years. Some evidence corresponds to at least one credible press release or FMCS F-7 record, dated between five and ten years ago, of a union’s existence at a facility. No evidence indicates the absence of press releases, FMCS F-7 records, or other credible sources about a union’s existence at a facility. Unions may be representative of EV-only employees or a mix of employees if the facility produces both electric and conventional vehicles and components. It is important to note many facilities have no evidence of a union because production has not yet commenced. Note: these should be treated as evidence of unionization activity, not a definitive status of unionization at a facility.
State and Local Subsidies
We track investment subsidies from state and local governments. These data are sourced from the Good Jobs First Subsidy Tracker and matched with facilities. The total subsidy amount may include land gifts, tax breaks, state investment in infrastructure (including roads and training facilities for instance) and more. Subsidy data is displayed at the facility level on the dashboard and any subsidy data that cannot be matched with a specific facility is excluded from the dashboard. Subsidy data from the Good Jobs First Subsidy Tracker has been matched with facilities using a combination of location information and identifiers specific to each facility. The data only includes awards that are $50 million or greater.
Disadvantaged Communities (DACs)
The dashboard identifies facilities located in disadvantaged communities (DACs). The definition of a DAC comes from the Climate & Economic Justice Screening Tool (CEJST). The definition includes qualifying DACs and any “census tract that is completely surrounded by disadvantaged communities and is at or above the 50% percentile for low income”. CEJST is the primary tool for guiding Justice40 investments. Version 1.0 of the Tool was released on November 22, 2022, and DACs are identified at a census tract level. Manufacturing facilities are geocoded and then matched with the CEJST census tracts.
Annual Production Capacity and Units
Annual production capacity refers to the expected capacity of a facility taken at the time of the announcement. For facilities with expansion announcements, the most recent announcement reflects the additional expected production capacity because of the additional investment in the facility. Units of production accompany each reported capacity number (e.g., vehicles and batteries).
Address data is sourced from company statements or press releases. This data is as accurate as possible, though actual addresses may differ as companies update their addresses or mapping programs update. When an address is not available for a facility, it is marked as “unknown.” A facility is only included in the dataset once the state where it will be sited is known. If a facility location is marked as unknown, it will not surface on the map visuals or the bar graphs on the first tab. However, facilities with unknown locations will surface in the state totals and summary table on the second tab.
This data category provides high level categorization for the manufacturing focus at a facility. For vehicle assembly, there is light duty (class 1 and 2 vehicles), medium duty (class 3 to 6), and heavy duty (class 7 to 9). These draw on the Federal Highway Administration’s . In the case that a facility investment mentions vehicle assembly in more than one category, the category indicates “multiple classes.” Other categories include batteries, EV charging, battery recycling, and parts.
This dashboard includes data on a number of vehicle and battery components intended to provide greater detail for users. For facilities that operate multiple stages of the supply chain to produce a single product, only the most advanced product will be recorded under component category. These categories are subsets of the Manufacturing Focus categories. This data is drawn from company announcements and includes:
- Battery Pouches
- Copper Foil
- Materials Recycling
- Charging Units
Light-Duty (Class 1-2)
Medium-Duty (Class 3-6)
Heavy-Duty (Class 7-9)
- Advanced Assistance Systems
- Advanced Robotics
- Battery Disconnect Units
- Battery Enclosures
- Battery Pack Components
- Battery Trays
- Body Parts
- Brake Systems
- Charging Control Units
- Control Units
- Electric Axles
- Electrical Heaters
- Electrification Components
- Energy Management Systems
- EV Drive Units
- EV Motors
- EV Platforms
- Gearbox Covers
- Metal Stamping
- Onboard Charging & Electrical Supply Components
- Plastic Moldings
- Power Electronics
- Propulsion Components
- PVC Compounds
- Thermal Components
- Vehicle Frames
The date of the facility announcement. If there is no public announcement made via press release or article, and the only available information is the production start year, the announcement date is labeled as January 1st of that year. Dates are only included for announcements made since 2000.
Phase indicates the type of announcement:
- Original: The first announcement of the company establishing a new facility or announcing the start of production at an existing facility.
- Expansion: Announcements that increase the original investment at a facility. Expansions are numbered if more than one exists (i.e., Expansion 1, Expansion 2, etc.).
- Update: Any announcement that indicates a facility has downsized or gone bankrupt, or where there has been any other data update (i.e., production capacity, jobs numbers, etc.). In the case that a facility is canceled or closed it will surface in the data table for reference but will no longer surface anywhere else on the dashboard. Facility data is only updated for permanent or indefinite changes; temporary layoffs or similar announcements will not be surfaced in this dashboard.
Announcement Effective Date
Refers to the actual or expected year when the announcement action goes into effect at a facility. This can refer to the start of production or operation, closure effect date, or other type of update.
The operating status is tracked at the time of a facility announcement. After facilities are announced, the operating status is tracked and updated if and when the original status changes. The following categories are used to track progress made at a facility:
- Planned: Any facility that has been announced without physical alteration taking place. The planning phase includes original announcement and siting, permitting and licensing, and any other non-construction actions.
- Under Construction: Any facility that is currently in the process of new construction or retooling.
- Operational: Any facility that has commenced production or operations.
- Withdrawn: Any facility that has announced a closure or permanent cease of operations. Once the closure announcement has been recorded, all numbers for the facility will be removed when “Announcement Effective Year” reflects the current year or year selected for filtering. All announcements tied to that facility will be labeled as “withdrawn” under the operating status data field. The facility will also be removed from the map. If a facility was opened and closed before the data collection process began in Q3 2023, then it will not be included in the data.
Company and Parent Company
Each facility includes information on the company (brand or familiar) that operates production, as well as the parent company that owns the brand.
Investments and jobs for facilities are tied to data on congressional districts, currently represented by a Republican or Democratic member in the U.S. House of Representatives. Facilities where an address is not known are excluded. Congressional district data is updated on a monthly basis to reflect any new elections or changes in district boundaries. For more information on the source of the geolocational information, see here.
Federal Grants and Loans
The dashboard tracks federal funding for facilities – in the form of loans and grants. Federal support for these facilities currently includes three programs administered by the U.S. Department of Energy — Battery Materials Processing and Battery Manufacturing Grants, Advanced Energy Manufacturing and Recycling Program, and Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program. This funding is included in the facility investment totals and is not additional. Where funding was announced collectively for multiple facilities, the amount is split equally across those facilities unless otherwise stated. Program funding is tracked from January 2010 onwards.
“Right-to-work” states are sourced from the National Conference of State Legislatures.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is this effort happening?
The EV transition will bring about significant changes in the United States, including in manufacturing. This effort is an attempt to track this shift and trends in the location and quality of jobs to inform decision-making.
Who built this tool?
Atlas Public Policy and the BlueGreen Alliance Foundation are partners in this project, including in data collection, processing, analysis, and dashboarding.
How often is data updated and how will I know when there’s been an update?
Data will be updated weekly. New announcements and updates to previous announcements will be noted in the digests every two weeks. Register for the mailing list here.
Why are there gaps in the data?
All data shown in the dashboard is publicly available in some form. In many cases, publicly available data may be limited, particularly as it relates to new investments and other information deemed confidential. Any gaps will be filled as new data becomes available.
Can I share this data?
The data on the EV Job Hub is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. In a nutshell, users are free to share, create, and adapt the data from the dashboard as long as users attribute any public use of the data to EV Jobs Hub. If users have questions, please get in touch: firstname.lastname@example.org
What if I have feedback on the data?
We welcome feedback! If you have thoughts to share with us on the dashboard or the scope of the project, we would love to hear from you. Get in touch: email@example.com
What if I see an error on the dashboard?
We strive to keep the dashboard up to date and accurate. However, if you see an inaccuracy or have questions about the data, please get in touch: firstname.lastname@example.org
What’s next for the Hub?
We are hoping to build out the Hub further, including pulling in data on energy communities, community benefit agreements, wages and training. We welcome your input on data we should be tracking: email@example.com